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Dragonflies - Kakamega Forest

A total of 72 dragonfly species, representing 42 % of Kenya’s dragonfly fauna, has been recorded from Kakamega Forest. They represent by the families Aeshnidae (7 spp.), Calopterygidae (2 spp.), Chlorocyphidae (4 spp.), Coenagrionidae (11 spp.), Corduliidae (2 spp.), Gomphidae (10 spp.), Lestidae (2 spp.), Libellulidae (33 spp.), and Protoneuridae (1 sp.). Three of these are based on literature records only (Phyllomacromia kimminsi, Neurogomphus pinheyi, and Paragomphus alluaudi). The habitat preference and affiliation with other African regions is listed for all species. The dragonfly fauna of the Kakamega Forest is impoverished compared to more western Guineo-Congolian rain forest areas.
Twenty species are of national importance for Kenya, since they are only found at this site within the country.

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Family  Order by
Scientific name  View options Standard view  Extended view
       
Distribution    
 72 Entries  


 (please check one or more of the entries listed below to see the details)
    Family Scientific name Habitat Reproduction Distribution
1 Aeshnidae Aeshna e. ellioti Kirby, 1896 - secondary forest, bush - pool
- river, stream
- widespread at least in eastern Africa
2 Aeshnidae Aeshna rileyi (Calvert, 1892) - secondary forest, bush - river, stream - widespread at least in eastern Africa
3 Aeshnidae Anaciaeshna triangulifera McLachlan, 1896 - secondary forest, bush - river, stream - widespread at least in eastern Africa
4 Aeshnidae Anax ephippiger (Burmeister, 1836) - open habitat - pool - widespread at least in eastern Africa
5 Aeshnidae Anax imperator Leach, 1815 - open habitat - pool - widespread at least in eastern Africa
6 Aeshnidae Anax speratus Hagen, 1867 - Forest
- secondary forest, bush
- river, stream - widespread at least in eastern Africa
7 Aeshnidae Gynacantha bullata Karsch, 1891 - Forest - pool - Guineo-Congolian forest
- localized records only
8 Calopterygidae Umma saphirina Förster, 1916 - Forest - river, stream - Guineo-Congolian forest
9 Calopterygidae Phaon iridipennis (Burmeister, 1839) - open habitat
- secondary forest, bush
- river, stream - widespread at least in eastern Africa
10 Chlorocyphidae Chlorocypha curta Hagen in Selys, 1853 - Forest - river, stream - Guineo-Congolian forest
11 Chlorocyphidae Chlorocypha tenuis Longfield, 1936 - Forest - river, stream - Guineo-Congolian forest
- localized records only
- Kenya
- Uganda
- Democratic Republic of Congo
12 Chlorocyphidae Platycypha caligata (Selys, 1853) - secondary forest, bush - river, stream - widespread at least in eastern Africa
13 Chlorocyphidae Platycypha lacustris (Förster, 1914) - Forest - river, stream - Guineo-Congolian forest
14 Coenagrionidae Africallagma subtile (Ris, 1921) - open habitat
- secondary forest, bush
- swamp
- pool
- widespread at least in eastern Africa
15 Coenagrionidae Ceriagrion glabrum (Burmeister, 1839) - open habitat
- secondary forest, bush
- swamp
- pool
- widespread at least in eastern Africa
16 Coenagrionidae Proischnura subfurcata (Selys, 1876) - secondary forest, bush - swamp
- pool
- widespread at least in eastern Africa
17 Coenagrionidae Pseudagrion hageni Karsch, 1893 - Forest
- secondary forest, bush
- river, stream - widespread at least in eastern Africa
18 Coenagrionidae Pseudagrion kersteni (Gerstäcker, 1869) - secondary forest, bush - river, stream - widespread at least in eastern Africa
19 Coenagrionidae Africallagma elongatum (Martin, 1907) - open habitat
- secondary forest, bush
- swamp
- pool
- widespread at least in eastern Africa
20 Coenagrionidae Pseudagrion kibalense Longfield, 1959 - Forest - river, stream - Guineo-Congolian forest
21 Coenagrionidae Africallagma glaucum (Burmeister, 1839) - open habitat
- secondary forest, bush
- swamp
- pool
- widespread at least in eastern Africa
22 Coenagrionidae Pseudagrion melanicterum Selys, 1876 - Forest - river, stream - Guineo-Congolian forest
23 Coenagrionidae Africallagma pseudelongatum (Longfield, 1936) - open habitat
- secondary forest, bush
- swamp
- pool
- localized records only
- Kenya
- Tanzania
- Uganda
24 Coenagrionidae Pseudagrion spernatum Selys, 1881 - secondary forest, bush - river, stream - widespread at least in eastern Africa
25 Corduliidae Phyllomacromia kimminsi (Fraser, 1954) - unknown - unknown - widespread at least in eastern Africa
26 Corduliidae Phyllomacromia sylvatica Fraser, 1954 - Forest - river, stream - Guineo-Congolian forest
- localized records only
- Kenya
- Uganda
- Tanzania
- Zambia
27 Gomphidae Notogomphus lujai (Schouteden, 1934) - Forest - river, stream - Guineo-Congolian forest
28 Gomphidae Onychogomphus styx Pinhey, 1961 - Forest - river, stream - localized records only
- Kenya
- Tanzania
- Uganda
29 Gomphidae Ictinogomphus ferox (Rambur, 1842) - open habitat - river, stream - widespread at least in eastern Africa
30 Gomphidae Paragomphus alluaudi (Martin, 1915) - unknown - unknown - localized records only
- Kenya
- Tanzania
- Ethiopia
31 Gomphidae Microgomphus cf. schoutedeni Fraser, 1949 - Forest - river, stream - Guineo-Congolian forest
- localized records only
32 Gomphidae Paragomphus viridior Pinhey, 1961 - Forest
- secondary forest, bush
- river, stream - localized records only
- Kenya
- Uganda
33 Gomphidae Neurogomphus pinheyi Cammaerts, 1968 - unknown - unknown - localized records only
34 Gomphidae Notogomphus leroyi (Schouteden, 1934) - Forest - river, stream - Guineo-Congolian forest
- localized records only
- Kenya
- Uganda
- Tanzania
- Democratic Republic of Congo
35 Gomphidae Notogomphus dorsalis Selys, 1858 - secondary forest, bush - river, stream - Guineo-Congolian forest
36 Gomphidae Notogomphus lecythus Campion, 1923 - secondary forest, bush - river, stream - localized records only
- Ethiopia
- Kenya
37 Lestidae Lestes dissimulans Fraser, 1955 - open habitat - swamp - widespread at least in eastern Africa
38 Lestidae Lestes virgatus Burmeister (1839) - Forest
- secondary forest, bush
- swamp - widespread at least in eastern Africa
39 Libellulidae Orthetrum trinacria (Selys, 1841) - open habitat
- secondary forest, bush
- river, stream
- pool
- widespread at least in eastern Africa
40 Libellulidae Tramea basilaris (Beauvois, 1817) - open habitat - pool - widespread at least in eastern Africa
41 Libellulidae Crocothemis erythraea (Brullé, 1832) - open habitat - pool - widespread at least in eastern Africa
42 Libellulidae Orthetrum brachiale (Beauvois, 1817) - open habitat
- secondary forest, bush
- swamp - widespread at least in eastern Africa
43 Libellulidae Palpopleura deceptor (Calvert, 1899) - open habitat
- secondary forest, bush
- swamp
- pool
- widespread at least in eastern Africa
44 Libellulidae Trithemis arteriosa (Burmeister, 1939) - open habitat - pool - widespread at least in eastern Africa
45 Libellulidae Hadrothemis camarensis (Kirby, 1889) - Forest - phytotelmata - Guineo-Congolian forest
46 Libellulidae Orthetrum caffrum (Burmeister, 1839) - secondary forest, bush - swamp
- river, stream
- widespread at least in eastern Africa
47 Libellulidae Palpopleura lucia (Drury, 1773) - open habitat
- secondary forest, bush
- swamp
- pool
- widespread at least in eastern Africa
48 Libellulidae Trithemis furva Karsch, 1899 - open habitat
- secondary forest, bush
- river, stream - widespread at least in eastern Africa
49 Libellulidae Hemistigma albipunctum (Rambur, 1842) - secondary forest, bush
- open habitat
- pool
- swamp
- widespread at least in eastern Africa
50 Libellulidae Orthetrum camerunense Gambles, 1959 - secondary forest, bush - swamp
- river, stream
- Guineo-Congolian forest
51 Libellulidae Palpopleura portia (Drury, 1773) - open habitat - swamp
- pool
- widespread at least in eastern Africa
52 Libellulidae Trithemis stictica (Burmeister, 1839) - Forest
- secondary forest, bush
- river, stream - widespread at least in eastern Africa
53 Libellulidae Micromacromia camerunica Karsch, 1890 - Forest - river, stream - Guineo-Congolian forest
54 Libellulidae Orthetrum chrysostigma (Burmeister, 1839) - open habitat - pool
- swamp
- widespread at least in eastern Africa
55 Libellulidae Pantala flavescens (Fabricius, 1798) - open habitat - pool - widespread at least in eastern Africa
56 Libellulidae Urothemis edwardsii (Selys, 1849) - open habitat - pool
- swamp
- widespread at least in eastern Africa
57 Libellulidae Nesciothemis farinosa (Förster, 1898) - secondary forest, bush
- open habitat
- pool
- river, stream
- widespread at least in eastern Africa
58 Libellulidae Orthetrum guineense Ris, 1910 - secondary forest, bush - river, stream - widespread at least in eastern Africa
59 Libellulidae Tetrathemis corduliformis Longfield, 1936 - Forest - river, stream - Guineo-Congolian forest
60 Libellulidae Zygonyx natalensis (Martin, 1900) - secondary forest, bush
- open habitat
- river, stream - widespread at least in eastern Africa
61 Libellulidae Notiothemis jonesi Ris, 1919 - Forest - pool - widespread at least in eastern Africa
62 Libellulidae Orthetrum julia Kirby, 1900 - Forest
- secondary forest, bush
- river, stream - widespread at least in eastern Africa
63 Libellulidae Tetrathemis polleni (Selys, 1869) - secondary forest, bush - river, stream - widespread at least in eastern Africa
64 Libellulidae Zygonyx torridus (Kirby, 1889) - secondary forest, bush - river, stream - widespread at least in eastern Africa
65 Libellulidae Atoconeura eudoxia (Kirby, 1909) - Forest - river, stream - Guineo-Congolian forest
- localized records only
- Burundi
- Kenya
- Uganda
66 Libellulidae Notiothemis robertsi Fraser, 1944 - Forest - pool - Guineo-Congolian forest
67 Libellulidae Orthetrum kollmannspergeri Buchholz, 1959 - open habitat - swamp - widespread at least in eastern Africa
68 Libellulidae Orthetrum microstigma Ris, 1911 - Forest - swamp - widespread at least in eastern Africa
69 Libellulidae Tholymis tillarga (Fabricius, 1798) - secondary forest, bush - pool - widespread at least in eastern Africa
70 Libellulidae Crocothemis sanguinolenta (Burmeister, 1839) - secondary forest, bush - river, stream
- pool
- widespread at least in eastern Africa
71 Libellulidae Orthetrum abbotti Calvert, 1892 - open habitat
- secondary forest, bush
- swamp - widespread at least in eastern Africa
72 Protoneuridae Chlorocnemis pauli Longfield, 1936 - Forest - river, stream - Guineo-Congolian forest
- localized records only
- Kenya
- Uganda
- Democratic Republic of Congo
 (please check one or more of the entries listed above to see the details)


Literature sources:
  1. Clausnitzer, V. (2005). An updated checklist of the dragonflies (Odonata) of the Kakamega Forest, Kenya. Journal of East African Natural History 94(2): 239–246.
Contact:
E-Mail to Viola Clausnitzer: violacl@t-online.de